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Check out each nutrient below.
Protein, another macronutrient, is literally the primary building block of our being! Virtually every body part or tissue is made up of proteins, which are simply long chains of amino acids. It also makes up enzymes that power essential chemical reactions within our bodies. At least 10,000 different proteins make each one of us unique.
Complex organic compounds that are needed in small amounts by the body for normal growth and metabolism, and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. There are 13 known vitamins which are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble. Fat
-soluble vitamins are easier for the body to store than water-soluble.
Minerals are inorganic substances required by the body in small amounts for a variety of different functions and are also consider essential because the body cannot make them. There are 16 essential minerals: calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, sodium, chloride, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, iodine, and selenium, molybdenum, chromium, and fluoride. However, the five major minerals in the human body are calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and magnesium.
Water is the most important nutrient; it is involved in every bodily function and makes up 70- 75% of your total body weight. Water helps you to maintain body temperature, metabolize body fat, aids in digestion, lubricates and cushions organs, transports nutrients, and flushes toxins from your body. Technically, your body has no way to store water and needs fresh supplies every day.